The future of ocean energy
The purpose of this lesson is to connect what the science students have learned about in previous lessons to the research conducted at Florida Atlantic University’s Sea Tech campus and to introduce students to a potential future source of ocean energy – Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion.
After completing this lesson, students will be able to:
- Explain the concept of phases of matter.
- Contrast the physical differences between solid, liquid, and gas.
- Understand the connection between energy and the state of phase of a substance.
- Describe the different phase changes that are occurring during the process of boiling, melting, freezing, sublimation, condensation, precipitation.
- Develop and explain the various sections (legs) of a heating curve
- Contrast the difference between Latent and Thermal Heat
- Explain the connection between the concepts of average kinetic energy of a substance and temperature.
- Describe the basic concept of heat capacity and the general differences between a high and a low heat capacity of a substance.
- Be able to read and interpret a phase change diagram.
- Explain how pressure and temperature effect the phase of matter of a system.
- Describe how the intermolecular bonding strength and the polar characteristics of a
- substance are the primary phenomena behind phase changes.
- Hypothesize how materials with different phase characteristics can be used in realistic applications of electrical energy production.
- Describe how the thermal differentiations in the ocean can be utilized in the production of electrical energy.
- Understand the basic science behind Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) technology.
- List some advantages and disadvantages of using OTEC technology to provide electrical energy
Total Estimated Time for this lesson: 3-4 class sessions